RETOUR AUX MEMBRES
Australie

Nombre de membres :

91

Modalités de recrutement et incompatibilités :

Les membres sont nommés par le Gouverneur général d'Australie, sur la recommandation du Gouvernement d'Australie.

Les membres sont sélectionnés par le Gouvernement sur la recommandation du Président du Tribunal et parmi les candidats présentés à l'Attorney-General d'Australie (Garde des Sceaux, Ministre de la Justice) par son propre ministère.

Les membres sont des juristes ou d'éminents spécialistes dans d'autres domaines se rapportant aux compétences du Tribunal : domaine médical, financier, industriel, militaire…

Organisation interne :

Le Président, conformément à l'Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975 (loi de 1975 sur le Tribunal des appels administratifs), loi du Parlement d'Australie qui a institué le Tribunal, se trouve à la tête de celui-ci. En pratique, le Président délègue certains pouvoirs aux Deputy Presidents (substituts du Président) du Tribunal dans chacun des États et Territoires d'Australie.

Publications (rapport annuel, revues, etc...) :

Il existe un Rapport annuel à l'intention de l'Attorney-General d'Australie qui est publié.

Attributions juridictionnelles

Domaine de compétence :

Le Tribunal contrôle les décisions administratives du Gouvernement d'Australie conformément aux dispositions des lois du Parlement du Commonwealth d'Australie. Ce pouvoir de contrôle est habilité par environ 400 dispositions législatives. Les décisions susceptibles de recours comprennent les décisions rendues par les ministres d'État, les tribunaux de révision intermédiaires, les organismes de droit public, les chefs de départements ministériels et d'autres personnes habilitées à exercer le pouvoir administratif du Commonwealth d'Australie.

Organisation de l'ordre de juridiction :

L'Administrative Appeals Tribunal est la juridiction administrative suprême en Australie. Il connaît des appels des juridictions administratives inférieures. Dans certains cas le tribunal est compétent en premier ressort. Les décisions du Tribunal peuvent être révisées pour erreur de droit, mais pour aucun autre motif, par la Federal Court of Australia. Le Président du Tribunal ainsi que neuf membres du Tribunal doivent être également juges à la Federal Court. La Federal Court n'est pas une juridiction administrative. C'est un tribunal judiciaire mais qui est compétent pour réviser certaines décisions juridictionnelles administratives pour erreur de droit. En Australie, les tribunaux administratifs et les tribunaux judiciaires ne sont pas totalement distincts. Il est possible de faire appel de toutes les décisions, de la Federal Court à la High Court of Australia (Cour suprême d'Australie), qui est à la fois la cour constitutionnelle de l'Australie et l'équivalent de la Cour de Cassation. La High Court connaît également des pourvois de tous les tribunaux judiciaires des États et des Territoires d'Australie.

Pouvoirs du juge (annulation, réformation, indemnités, etc...) :

L'Administrative Appeals Tribunal est habilité à annuler les décisions administratives illégales. Il peut alors substituer sa solution à celle de l'instance décisionnelle d'origine, ou lui renvoyer le soin de réexaminer sa décision.



Attributions consultatives

Existence et étendue de la compétence consultative :

Le Gouvernement et l'Attorney-General consultent le Président lorsqu'il y a lieu, mais le Tribunal lui-même n'a aucune fonction consultative. Ce rôle est réservé à l'Administrative Review Council (Conseil de révision administrative) qui a également été institué par l'Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act. Le Président du Tribunal est membre ex officio de ce Conseil.

Autorité et publicité des avis :

L'Administrative Review Council publie des rapports et des recommandations à l'intention du Gouvernement australien en réponse aux demandes de l'Attorney-General, ou de son propre chef.

L'Administrative Appeals Tribunal est la juridiction suprême en Australie qui n'est saisie que d'affaires administratives. C'est également la juridiction suprême en Australie qui statue sur la conformité au droit des décisions administratives. Les tribunaux judiciaires ordinaires ont certaines attributions limitées au contrôle de l'erreur de droit mais n'ont aucune fonction de justice administrative. L'Administrative Appeals Tribunal est par conséquent considéré comme l'organisme australien approprié pour adhérer à l'Association Internationale des Hautes Juridictions Administratives.

The Administrative Appeals Tribunal

 

President :Portrait of Justice KerrThe Honourable Justice Duncan Kerr Chev LH
 
Address : 
President's Chambers 
55 Market Street
Sydney New South Wales 2000
AUSTRALIA

Phone number :
  +61 2 93 91 24 42
Fax :  +61 2 93 91 25 77
Email : aatweb@aat.gov.au
Internet : www.aat.gov.au

 

The AAT’s Principal Registry is housed in Sydney and Brisbane, and district registries are in Canberra, the national capital, and in the state capital cities Adelaide, Brisbane, Hobart, Melbourne and Perth.

 

 

The Australian system of government

The Commonwealth of Australia is a constitutional monarchy with a federal system of government. The Australian Constitution divides power between the central government – variously referred to as the Australian, Commonwealth or Federal Government – and the six state governments. The Constitution specifies the areas where the Commonwealth Parliament can make laws, for example taxation, defence, foreign affairs and telecommunications. Each state has its own Constitution and can make laws on any matter not exclusively vested in the Commonwealth Parliament. Two mainland Australian territories have a limited right of self-government, and most of the other territories are administered as external territories.

The Australian Constitution incorporates both the separation of powers – the Commonwealth Parliament, the Executive Government and the Judiciary – and responsible government. The Judiciary is independent of the Parliament and the Executive Government. The Australian Constitution created the High Court of Australia, Australia's highest court, and the Commonwealth Parliament has created a number of other federal courts, including the Federal Court of Australia.

 

The AAT

The AAT reviews a wide range of administrative decisions made by Australian Government ministers, departments, agencies, authorities and other tribunals. The AAT can also review administrative decisions made by state government and non-government bodies in limited circumstances. It aims to provide a review mechanism that is fair, just, economical, informal and quick.


The AAT is part of the Executive Government. It exercises the administrative power of the Commonwealth, not the judicial power.


The AAT was established by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975 and commenced operations on 1 July 1976. The Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act and the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Regulations 1976 set out the AAT’s functions, powers and procedures.

 

Members

The AAT consists of the President, other presidential members (who may be judges or Deputy Presidents), Senior Members and Members. The AAT has 91 members.

AAT members are appointed by the Governor-General of Australia on the recommendation of the Australian Government. The Government selects members using a formal merit selection process that includes advertisement of vacancies and interviews by a selection committee that includes the President of the AAT. The committee then makes recommendations to the government. Members are usually appointed for five-year terms and may be reappointed at the end of their terms. Members must meet qualification requirements, and are either lawyers or experts in other fields relevant to the work of the AAT such as medicine, accountancy, engineering, aviation, and military affairs.


The President, with the assistance of the Registrar, is responsible for managing the Tribunal and its resources. Staff assist the AAT to carry out its functions.


The AAT has a Principal Registry, based in Sydney and Brisbane, and District Registries in each state capital city and the national capital, Canberra. 

How we work

Merits review of an administrative decision involves considering afresh the facts, law and policy relating to that decision. The AAT considers the material before it and decides what is the correct — or, in a discretionary area, the preferable — decision. It can affirm, vary or set aside a decision. If it overturns a decision, the AAT can either substitute its own decision, or remit the matter to the original decision-maker for reconsideration.


AAT decisions can be appealed to the Federal Court of Australia on a question of law only. AAT operations are also subject to scrutiny by way of complaints to the Commonwealth Ombudsman, freedom of information requests, inquiries to Parliamentary committees, and audits by the Australian National Audit Office.

 

Jurisdiction

The AAT has jurisdiction to review decisions made under more than 400 Acts and legislative instruments. It does not have a general power to review decisions made under Commonwealth legislation, it can only review a decision if an Act, regulation or other legislative instrument states that the decision is subject to review by the AAT.


The AAT maintains a list of the enactments that give it power to review decisions. The list also provides a brief description of the decisions that the AAT may review. The majority of AAT reviews are in the areas of social security, veteran’s affairs, workers’ compensation and tax.

 

Case management

The AAT’s case management process aims to deal with applications in a flexible and timely manner. It is designed to promote the orderly and controlled passage of matters from lodgement to resolution while achieving targets and equitable treatment of parties. The process also aims to make effective use and allocation of AAT resources, and maintain and enhance public confidence in the AAT.

The process

When the AAT receives an application for review of a decision that is within its jurisdiction, it notifies the decision-maker of the application who then has 28 days to provide the AAT and the applicant with a statement of reasons for the decision and all documents relevant to the review. These are known as the ‘Section 37 Documents’ or the ‘T Documents’.


in most cases, a Conference Registrar or Tribunal member holds one or more conferences with the parties to discuss the issues in dispute, identify and consider additional material that may be obtained and explore whether the matter can be settled. The future conduct of the review will also be discussed, including whether another form of alternative dispute resolution — conciliation, mediation, case appraisal or neutral evaluation — may be appropriate. The Tribunal assists the parties to attempt to reach an agreed resolution, while ensuring that steps are taken to prepare the matter for a hearing if agreement cannot be reached.


If an agreed resolution is not reached, the Tribunal, constituted by one, two or three members, conducts a hearing and makes a decision. 


The AAT’s recently released series of brochures outline the case management process. The brochure, The Administrative Appeals Tribunal. What it is, when it can help and how to apply for review gives an overview of the process.

 

Decisions of interest

Most AAT decisions are published on the AustLII website, and recent decisions are available through the AAT website.
The AAT includes a summary of a number of decisions published during the year in its annual report. These collections of decisions reflect the range of matters that the AAT deals with, and include important and interesting decisions, as the following list shows.


Environment    Whether eight Asian elephants should be imported into Australia - Whether any further conditions should be attached to the import permit 
Re The International Fund For Animal Welfare (Australia) Pty Ltd & Ors and Minister for Environment and Heritage & Ors
[2005] AATA 1210; 7 December 2005
[2006] AATA 94; 6 February 2006


Social Security    Whether a pre-operative male to female transsexual was a member of a couple for the purpose of determining the rate of payment of a pension
Re Secretary, Department of Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs and W & Anor
[2007] AATA 1861; 16 October 2007


Taxation    Whether a licensed club was exempt from income tax on the basis that it was established for the encouragement of a game or sport
Re South Sydney Junior Rugby League Club Limited and Commissioner of Taxation
[2006] AATA 265; 21 March 2006


Veterans’ affairs    Whether a veteran who was servicing and maintaining aircraft during the British nuclear test program was a ‘nuclear test participant’ for the purposes of the Australian Participants in British Nuclear Tests (Treatment) Act 2006
Re Brinkworth and Repatriation Commission
[2008] AATA 174; 29 February 2008


Workers’ compensation    Whether a Special Action Force Allowance should continue to be taken into account in determining weekly compensation payments to a former Special Air Service Regiment soldier
Re Kennedy and Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Commission
[2007] AATA 19; 17 January 2007


Wine and brandy    Whether there should be one or two wine regions within the King Valley area - How the King Valley region should be identified and named
Re King Valley Vignerons Inc and Geographical Indications Committee 
Re Baxendale’s Vineyards Pty Limited & Ors and Geographical Indications Committee & Anor
[2006] AATA 885; 18 October 2006

 

External relations

The President, Justice Duncan Kerr, speaks regularly at conferences and seminars. These speeches, and various papers and research, are on the AAT website.

The President is an ex officio member of the Administrative Review Council which monitors, and advises the Australian Government on, the operation of the Commonwealth system of administrative law.


The AAT is an active member the Council of Australasian Tribunals (COAT), an association for tribunals and those who work in, or have an interest in, tribunals in Australia and New Zealand. It comprises a National Council and local chapters. 


The AAT works with other administrative jurisdictions, and hosts delegations and visitors who are interested in the Australian model of administrative law.


The AAT works to increase the understanding of its work and its role in administrative law.